Sketch of child with question mark above their head

Welcome to the Understanding page. Here you can learn about any problems that may be happening in your child’s cognition. Cognition is a measure of innate skills in thinking, computing, and comprehending. Cognition is most often measured on an IQ test. IQ stands for intelligence quotient. Intelligence means the ability to understand, reason, and problem solve. Quotient means that the overall IQ score is a composite of many different areas of intelligence. If you aren’t sure whether or not your child has struggles with cognition, a School Psychologist or Licensed Psychologist can administer an IQ test.

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Generally, IQ is divided up into two main areas: Verbal and Non-Verbal.Verbal IQ is basically word knowledge. Verbal IQ looks at your child’s vocabulary, knowledge for information, understanding of categories and synonyms, and comprehension of words and stories. In terms of learning, Verbal IQ influences your child’s ability to read and write. Because reading and writing are required for social studies, history, and science, a child with low Verbal IQ is likely to struggle in these academic areas.

Non-Verbal IQ is basically visual problem-solving. Non-verbal reasoning involves developing strategies to solve a problem, building models, and reading maps and graphs. Non-Verbal IQ looks at your child’s ability to understand patterns, build with blocks, make shapes, measure, and put objects in a logical sequence. In terms of learning, Non-Verbal IQ is required for math, geography, science, and engineering.

In addition to those areas, most IQ tests look at Processing Speed and Working Memory. Processing Speed is basically a measure of quick thinking. That is, processing speed tests ask your child to work on simple tasks, within a time limit. Working Memory is basically the ability to remember while also doing something with the information. For example, remembering a series of numbers and repeating them in numerical order. If your child struggles with processing speed or working memory, learning is generally impacted. If his or her brain was a car, it would be like an engine with all the right parts that simply does not run as well as it should. Taken together, all of these skills are put together to form a score called the Full Scale IQ. The Full Scale IQ is your child’s overall intelligence.